Female Infertility


Infertility affects men and women equally. Female infertility refers to the biological inability of a person to concieve and  contribute to conception. Infertility may also refer to the state of awomen who is unable to  carry a pregnancy to full term.

A women of reporductive age  who has not conceived after one year of unprotected vaginal sexual intercourse in the absence of any known cause of infertility has to be undergo all the investigations along with her partner. If the female is over 36 years of age then she should go for the investigations earlier. It is likely that either women or her partner has infertile factors.

Infertility in women is usually due to anovulation (absence of ovulation), blockage of fallopian tubes, or uterine abnormalities, gynecologic problems that physicians often refer to as female infertility factors.



The kit includes Ayurvedic herbs in the form of capsules and tablets. 
The medicines in the kit are choosed  for the patinets according to the problems .


These herbs are not only uterine tonic for females but also provides energy to her.
Helps to check  Sexually transmitted diseases and uretheral infections.
It regulates the hormone levels and the proper ovulation.
Helpful in endometriosis , painful menstruation , pain during sex and PID.

Causes Of Female Infertility

The proportion of the female population that is infertile increases with age. In one study, for example, less than 5% of women under the age of 20, 10% of the women between the ages of 20 and 30, and 15% of those between the ages of 30 and 35 were infertile. Fertility dropped dramatically around the age of 35, and as many as 25% to 30% of women older than 35 were infertile.

Why does infertility increase with age? Because fecundity, or the ability to conceive, naturally decreases over time as part of the normal aging process. Also, there are a variety of diseases, such as endometriosis and certain sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s), that may worsen over time and eventually lead to infertility, meaning that the older a person gets the more likely infertility will develop if he or she has one of these underlying conditions.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases are a leading cause of infertility in females. The symptoms are usually not so visible  but the proper treament is always necessary as early as possible to prevent infertility.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a very serious abdominal inflammation that results from untreated vaginal or cervical infections, most commonly chlamydia and gonorrhea. If left untreated, bacteria make their way up through the uterus and into the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and surrounding tissues. PID does serious damage to the reproductive tract, often scarring and blocking the fallopian tubes. Scarring prevents fertilization from ever occurring. 
PID is one of the major causes of infertility among women of reproductive age. In one study, for example, 21% of the women with PID were infertile compared to only 3% of the women without PID. And the more episodes of PID a woman experiences, the greater her risk for infertility.

Because PID results from untreated sexually transmitted infections. Lifestyle choices that increase the likelihood that a woman will become infected with an STD also increase her chances of PID-induced infertility. These include not using a latex barrier (a condom or other form of STD protection) to prevent the transmission of STDs, as well as having multiple sex partners.

In addition to sexual behavior, other behaviors have been shown to be associated with an increased likelihood of infertility :

Smoking: Although much of the evidence is controversial, at least one major study shows a significant increase in infertility among people who smoke at least one pack of cigarettes a day and in smokers who started using tobacco before the age of 18. (See also: women and smoking, smoking cessation).
Alcohol: Scientists are not sure how alcohol affects fertility, but the general consensus is that it likely has some effect. In one study, female infertility was significantly greater among women who had 5 or more drinks a week.
Weight: Women who are substantially heavier or lighter than their ideal body weight are more likely to be anovulatory, and consequently infertile, than women who are within their normal body weight range.
Exercise and stress: Strenuous exercise and stress can lead to anovulation and infertility.
Eating disorders: A history of eating disorders has been associated with anovulation and infertility.

 PCOS or  PCOD  – a hormonal disorder characterized by excessive androgen production – is the most common cause of anovulation. Although women who have PCOS can experience any of a variety of symptoms, the classic ones are anovulation, obesity, and hirsutism (excessive hair growth in unusual places). Many PCOS patients are not able to properly process insulin, which contributes to their weight problems and also creates an increased risk for adult-onset diabetes.

The endocrine system regulates the production, actions, and interactions of hormones. Hormones are produced by the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, adrenal glands, thyroid gland, pancreas, ovaries, and testes. Diseases that affect any of these structures can lead to infertility, because the activities of all of the hormones are intricately interconnected. An excess or deficiency of any hormone can cause anovulation and infertility.

For example, in hypothyroidism, increased levels of prolactin (PRL) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) can affect levels of the sex hormones and may cause infertility. Hypothyroidism can be caused by failure of the thyroid gland, pituitary failure, or disorders of the hypothalamus. In hypopituitarism (failure of the pituitary gland), deficiencies of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone can produce amenorrhea (the absence of menstruation) and infertility in women, and impotence ( erectile dysfunction) and infertility in men. Hypopituitarism can also cause TSH deficiency, which results in hypothyroidism.

In this  disorder female is unable to release an egg or the egg is not being released at the proper time to have conception.  Ovulation disorders includes abscent ovulation – Anovulation-  resulting in  infrequent periods – Oligomenorrhoea-.  Other causes of ovulation disorders are-

Hormone Imbalance.
Metabolic Disorders – Low or High Body weight.
Thyroid  Disorders  – Hypo or Hyper Thyroidism .
Vitamine or Mineral Deficiency.
Chronic Illness.
Leutal phase Defect.

 Blocked tubes and uterine abnormalities account for about 35% of all female infertility cases, thus it’s essential that the tubes and uterus be examined during the workup, especially if anovulation doesn’t appear to be the problem. The medical history often provides helpful clues about whether the tubes or uterus are involved. The patient’s health care provider will likely ask her if she has any history of STDs or pelvic inflammatory disease, abdominal or pelvic surgery, ectopic pregnancy, endometriosis, or uterine abnormalities, all of which can lead to infertility.

Diagnosing uterine or tubal infertility factors usually involves an HSG as the first step and, depending on the results, could require a hysteroscopy. Large fibroids in the uterus usually preclude laparotomy.

Endometriosis  is a condition in which the lining of uterus called endometrium  starts to grow outside the uterus causing adhesions. Thses adhesions may cause the  obstruction of organs and cause some organs to stick together. 

There are four stages of endometriosis 
Stage one – Minimal
Stage two – Mild
Stage three – Moderate
Stage Fourth – Severe
Stages are classified upon the area affected by the  endometriosis.
Pelvic Pain , Extreme pain before ,during and  after the menstrual periods.
Pain during urination and passing stools. Pain during sex , nause , vomitings durind periods,

Congenital anomalies are malfunction of the reproductive organs. These may cause difficulty in conceptions or carrying pregnancy to full term. 
Signs are condition of recurrent miscarriages , difficulty with coitus , vaginal tampons not affecting in absorbing menstrual blood and prgnancy despite the use of IUD – Intra uterine Device.

Uterine fibroids is one of the cause of infertility , but rare does occur. A  fibroid is a tumor mostly bening that grows from the muscles tissue. A uterine fibroid is the result of the uterine muscles tissue growing into a mass. If a fibroid grows too large or gets in the way of reproductive system then it may creat problems  with conceptions. The cause of fibroids is not sure but the hormones mainly estrogen levels is  the most likely cause of formation.  Symptoms are painful and heavy periods , disrupted urination , pressure on abdomen and constipation.

Several hormone levels (e.g., PL, TSH, LH, FSH, progesterone) are routinely checked when investigating the cause of infertility. Anovulation is usually diagnosed by measuring the level of luteinizing hormone (LH) in a woman’s urine with a LH predictor kit. A lower than normal LH level indicates that the woman is not ovulating, which partially explains her inability to conceive. The level of progesterone is tested 6 to 8 days after the LH surge that precedes ovulation. Lower than normal progesterone levels also indicate anovulation